Home >News > ProMED翻訳情報(307回) ~アーカンソー州における狂犬病の現状~

ProMED翻訳情報(307回) ~アーカンソー州における狂犬病の現状~



Date: Mon 21 Jul 2014   Source: Pine Bluff Commercial [edited]

More than 100 cases of rabies were reported in Arkansas as of 24 Jun [2014], a number almost double the normal level, which state health and animal science experts attributed to a greater awareness of rabies symptoms in infected animals. “It has been increasing,” said Tom Troxel, associate head of animal science for the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture. Last year [2013], there were a total of 152 cases; in 2012, there were 131 cases and 60 cases in 2011. The reason for the outbreak is unknown, he said.
2014年6月24日現在、Arkansasにおいて100以上の狂犬病症例が報告され、通常レベルのほぼ2倍であり、それらは感染動物における狂犬病症状のより豊富な意識に起因すると、健康と動物科学の専門家は述べる。「それは増加し続けている」とArkansas System Division of Agriculture大学動物科学の准教授Tom Troxelは述べた。昨年(2013)は合計152症例、2012年には合計131症例、そして2011年には合計60症例であった。流行の原因は不明であると彼は述べた。
“It is already double” the usual number of cases, Arkansas public health veterinarian, Susan Weinstein, said. “Skunks and bats are the reservoir” for the rabies virus.
通常の症例数の「すでに2倍である。」、「スカンクとコウモリが狂犬病ウイルスの感染源である。」とArkansasの公衆衛生獣医師のSusan Weinsteinは述べる。

Of the 103 cases, 86 are confirmed in skunks, Troxel said. Pulaski and Lonoke counties have the most cases, 26 for Pulaski and 13 for Lonoke. Widespread publicity about rabies cases in the 2 counties may be the reason for the high number of reported cases. People are more aware and submit more suspicious animals, Weinstein said. “The peak time for rabies cases is March and April, with a smaller rise again in late summer and early fall,” she said.
Even though Weinstein doesn’t expect to see another 100 cases during the rest of this year [2014], this number is still very high. If the number continues, surely it will be record breaking, Troxel said.
Rabies is a deadly viral disease that affects the nervous system of mammals, according to the Arkansas Department of Health. It is considered one of the most infectious diseases and is fatal for both animals and people, Weinstein said.
Make sure pets are vaccinated by a licensed veterinarian, and don’t rely on over-the-counter rabies medication, Troxel added. There has been one case of a rabid dog and 2 cases of rabid cats this year [2014].
Stay away from wildlife, especially those whose behavior is different from normal. Skunks and bats are nocturnal animals, so if they are out during the day, it may be a sign that they are rabid, he said. Be sure pets and children also stay away from bats and skunks during the day.
Possible exposure to rabid animals needs to be taken seriously, Weinstein said. People tend to ignore reporting bat bites, thinking it’s not dangerous, she added. There is a series of injections that can be done to prevent rabies. Once the symptoms appear, the disease can’t be treated, she said.


The University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture offers its programs to all eligible persons regardless of race, color, national origin, religion, gender, age, disability, marital or veteran status, or any other legally protected status, and is an Equal Opportunity Employer.[byline: Kezia Nanda]
Arkansas System Division of Agriculture大学は、人種、肌の色、国籍、宗教、性別、年齢、身体の障害、婚姻、従軍の地位や他のどんな合法的保護状態に関係なくすべての資格ある人々へそのプログラムを提供し、機会均等雇用者である。

[In the USA, there exist several wildlife variants of Lyssavirus that circulate in bats, raccoons, skunks, foxes and coyotes. Transmission rarely occurs between species, and these “spillover events” generally are not perpetuated in the recipient species.

Main terrestrial reservoirs differ depending on the geographical location. Raccoon rabies virus variant is present in the eastern United States, skunk rabies in the Central United States and California, and fox rabies in Texas, Arizona, and Alaska.
It should be taken into account that part of the increase in this year’s [2014] figures may be explained by report bias (many people looking for cases). It is very important to make sure to keep the vaccination schemes of all dogs and cats in the area up to date. – Mod.PMB