Home >News > ProMED翻訳情報(421回) ~ギニアで発生した子犬の狂犬病~

ProMED翻訳情報(421回) ~ギニアで発生した子犬の狂犬病~



Date: Tue 1 Aug 2015  Source: France-Guyane [in French, trans. CopyEd.LMI, edited]

Yesterday [31 Jul 2015], the Pasteur Institute in Paris confirmed a case of rabies in a 6-month old puppy living in Cayenne. The animal was hospitalized on 21 Aug 2015 at a veterinary hospital for nervous symptoms. He died the following night. 16 people in contact with the dog were sent to the anti-rabies center at the hospital in Cayenne.The Director for Food, Agriculture and Forestry (Daaf) continues to investigate to discover the origin of the infection. He reminds people of the following guidelines:
– any sudden death of a domestic animal with no identified cause should be reported to a veterinarian;
– any dog, cat, monkey, bat, or other animal bite should be reported to the Daaf;
– early vaccination (starting at 3 months) of domestic animals, with a yearly booster shot is required.


As a precaution, a lot more will be done to catch stray animals in the neighborhood and the entire area comprising the Zephyr bypass,Montabo, and Baduel roads, and Saint-Antoine path.

 予防措置として、Zephyr 迂回路,Montaboと Baduel街, および Saint-Antoin小路からなる全域とその近隣で放浪動物を捕獲するために、より多くのことが行われるだろう。

[According to French Guiana’s reports to the OIE, rabies has been absent there in domestic animals since 2003 and in wildlife since 2009.


According to Ref 1 below, on 28 May 2008, the French National Reference Center for Rabies (Institut Pasteur, Paris) confirmed the rabies diagnosis, based on hemi-nested polymerase chain reaction on skin biopsy and saliva specimens from a Guianan, who had never travelled overseas and died in Cayenne after presenting clinically typical meningoencephalitis.

 下の参考論文 1によれば、2008年5月28日にフランス国立狂犬病レファレンスセンター(パスツール研究所、パリ)が、海外旅行経験が無く臨床的に典型的な髄膜脳炎を呈して死亡したギアナ人患者からの皮膚バイオプシー検体及び唾液検体からhemi-nestedPCRにより狂犬病診断を確認した。

>From the Author Summary:

“Until 2008, rabies had never been described within the French Guianan human population. Emergence of the 1st case in May 2008 in this French Overseas Department represented a public health event that markedly affected the local population, healthcare workers, and public health authorities. The anti-rabies clinic of French Guiana, located at Institut Pasteur de la Guyane, had to reorganize its functioning to handle the dramatically increased demand for vaccination. A rigorous epidemiological investigation and a veterinary study were conducted to identify the contamination source, probably linked to a bat bite, and the exposed population. Communication was a key factor to controlling this episode and changing the local perception of this formerly neglected disease. Because similar clinical cases had previously been described, without having been diagnosed, medical practices must be adapted and the rabies virus should be sought more systematically in similarly presenting cases. Sharing this experience could be useful for other countries that might someday have to manage such an emergence.”



Results of the investigation into the source of infection of the 6-month old domestic dog reported above are anticipated with interest.