Home >News > ProMED翻訳情報(420回) ~マレーシアにおける狂犬病予防対策~

ProMED翻訳情報(420回) ~マレーシアにおける狂犬病予防対策~



Date: Thu 17 Sep 2015   Source: The Malaysian Insider [edited]

Following 2 cases of rabies in northern Seberang Prai and Balik Pulau, Penang [state], the state government has given the greenlight to the state veterinary department to destroy all stray dogs within the state, while pets are also to be subject to strict controls.


Chief Minister Lim Guan Eng signed the order, in force since Tuesday [15 Sep 2015], to declare Penang a rabies infected area. As such, all strays will be rounded up and destroyed to prevent the spread of the disease.

 ペナン州首相のLim Guan Engは、ペナン州が狂犬病の感染した地域であることを宣言するための命令書に署名し、2015年9月15日火曜日以降有効となっている。このことで、すべての放浪動物は病気の拡散を防ぐために駆り集められ処分されるであろう。

The order also states that all dogs are quarantined within state borders, unless with written consent from the state veterinary department director.


Furthermore, all owners of dogs aged 3 months and above are required to have their pets vaccinated and tagged. All pet dogs are also to be kept indoors or caged, and must be on a lead for walks.


“If they are let loose, outside of private property, owners risk their dog being caught and destroyed as well,” Lim told a press conference at Komtar today [17 Sep 2015].


The 1st rabies case on the mainland, following a dog bite, was confirmed on Monday [14 Sep 2015], while the 2nd case on the island was confirmed on Tuesday [15 Sep 2015].

Lim said the situation was critical and Penang wanted to stop the spread of the disease.

State health exco Dr Afif Bahardin urged the public to understand the situation, which was 1st detected in Perlis, and the need to take this drastic [measure].

 州立健康実行委員会のAfif Bahardin博士は、Perlisで最初に見つかったその状況を理解し、この思い切った(方法を)取ることが必要であると国民に強調した。

He said Malaysia’s last case of rabies was in 1999 and the World Organisation for Animal Health declared Malaysia rabies free in 2012. He believed that the new cases originated from Thailand.


Dr Afif said it was not possible to 1st detect which dogs were infected and kill only those positive of rabies, because there were 50,000 dogs in Penang and half of them were strays.


“Just this morning, we consulted animal welfare groups and they are trying to be supportive. They understand the situation and the risks. We hope the public will also understand.


“We are trying to protect human lives and also household pets. This is the way to stop the disease from spreading,” he said.


Rabies is a disease spread from animal to humans through bites and the transfer of mucus or saliva, and can cause death. The disease attacks the central nervous system, causing fever and muscular spasms.[Byline: Looi Sue-Chern]


[Penang is a state in Malaysia located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, by the Strait of Malacca, bordered by Kedah in the north and east, and Perak in the south. It is composed of 2 parts — Penang Island, where the seat of government is, and Seberang Perai (formerly Province Wellesley in English) on the Malay Peninsula.


The drastic measures applied to control the acute rabies hazard, following its apparent absence since 1999, are to be seen on the background of Penang’s status as one of the most developed and economically important states in Malaysia and a thriving tourist destination.
Please refer to Mod.CRD’s and Mod.MHJ’s comments in ProMED-mail post 20150825.3599775. – Mod.AS